mercoledì 1 marzo 2017

Segnalazioni dal Parlamento Europeo

28-02-2017 03:06 PM CET

Milk bottle on EU flag
The Commission presented and debated with Members the latest developments on the dairy market (EU farm gates milk prices and estimated dairy farms margins). It also updated Members on the use of instruments established as part of the “millk package” on the basis of a working document on the “Evolution of compulsory contracts, Producer Organisations and the market situation for milk and milk products” transmitted to Parliament in December 2016.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
28-02-2017 12:09 PM CET

Contracts for the supply of digital content and Contracts for the online and other distance sales of goods
The sales of goods directive, including online and other distance sales, addresses consumer rights in case a good is defective. Currently there are only minimum EU requirements in place (Directive 1999/44/EC) and consequently in practise there are still different national laws, which would create legal uncertainty and affect consumers' confidence in cross-border shopping.

The proposed Directive fully harmonises, specifically for online and other distance sales, the order in which remedies are to be exercised and the duration of the legal guarantee, which would be fixed at two years throughout the EU. Also, the proposed text aims at reversing the burden of proof for two years.

Rapporteur: Pascal ARIMONT (EPP)
Shadow Rapporteurs: Lucy ANDERSON (S&D), Anneleen VAN BOSSUYT (ECR), Kaja KALLAS (ALDE), Dennis DE JONG (GUE/NGL), Pascal DURAND (GREENS/EFA), Marco ZULLO (EFDD), Mylène TROSZCZYNSKI (ENF).

28-02-2017 03:33 PM CET

Selection of healthy food (salmon, tomatoes, broccoli, olive oil, nuts, almonds, rice, garlic and lemon
On 28 February, the ENVI committee held an EoV on the above aiming at discussing existing EU and Member States (MS) policies and to hear the Commission on possible EU actions in this area. Food defense is generally defined as the protection of food from intentional contamination or adulteration by biological, chemical, physical, or radiological agents and includes measures regarding prevention, protection, mitigation, response and recovery from intentional acts of food contamination.

Food defense is different from food safety as the latter deals with unintentional contamination. In 2007, the World Health Organisation identified intentional food contamination as one of the main global health threats of the 21st century and stated that food has become an instrument for terrorist attacks.
In the EU, food defense is a rather new concept, as opposed to the USA where food defense originated and is extensively regulated. Past incidents such as terrorist attacks and food fraud have contributed to food defense systems development in some MS. In the aftermath of the 2001 terrorist attacks in the US, the "Health and Security Committee" was set up in the EU. This informal group was given a formal status and assigned specific tasks in 2013, when Decision 1082/2013/EU on serious cross-border threats was adopted, reinforcing coordination of preparedness measures across the EU for communicable diseases and other serious health threats (including intentional food contamination).

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
28-02-2017 11:20 AM CET

Agriculture / Hand pouring fertilizer to a young green plant with morning sunlight / Nurturing baby plant
On 27 February, the ENVI committee considered the draft opinion on the above topic. In March 2016, the Commission put forward a legislative proposal on fertilising products, as part of the Circular Economy package. The proposal covers a wider range of fertilising products (including those manufactured from secondary raw materials) compared to the existing 2003 Fertilisers Regulation, and also sets limits on heavy metals and contaminants present in fertilising products.

Among contaminants, the issue of cadmium is of particular importance, it is mostly present in mineral phosphate fertilisers and raises particular concerns as it can accumulate in soils, transfer to foodstuffs and potentially lead to adverse effects on health, soil biodiversity and groundwater. ENVI is an associated Committee under rule 54 with exclusive competence on the issue of contaminants. A total of 142 amendments have tabled. On the issue of contaminants, the rapporteur considers that public health and the protection of the environment should be prioritised, but also maintains that socio-economic impacts and food security should also be considered when setting limits. She also argues that the rules applicable to different fertilisers should be harmonised, that several terms and definitions should be improved and that clearer labelling requirements are needed to ensure that farmers and consumers can optimise the use of the fertilisers.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP

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