martedì 28 febbraio 2017

Segnalazioni dal Parlamento Europeo

24-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

In order to ensure that intergovernmental agreements (IGA) with third countries in the field of energy are fully compliant with EU legislation, the Commission proposed, as part of its February 2016 energy security package, new rules that would require ex-ante assessments of such agreements. A trilogue agreement on the proposed decision was reached in December 2016 and is due to be put to the vote in the March I 2017 plenary session.

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24-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

Creative Europe is the only European Union programme that directly targets cultural activities. Its mandatory mid-term evaluation by the European Commission is due by the end of 2017. The March I plenary will discuss the European Parliament’s own-initiative report on the programme’s implementation.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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24-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

Engaging EU citizens with remembrance and European integration processes lies at the core of the Europe for Citizens programme. An assessment of the programme’s implementation at its midway point suggests a discrepancy between its ambitions and its means. The March I plenary will discuss the European Parliament’s own-initiative report on the programme’s implementation.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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24-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

This study was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the committee of inquiry into emission measurements in the automotive sector (EMIS). It provides a comparative study on the differences between the EU and US legislation on emissions in the automotive sector, covering the emissions standards themselves; the systems for their implementation and enforcement, including approval systems for vehicles; and the respective regimes for prohibiting the use of defeat devices.

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24-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

Posting of workers plays an important role in the internal market, particularly in the cross-border provision of services. While the number of posted workers continues to increase significantly, problems such as unfair practices and unequal remunerations persist. In addition, the correct balance between the freedom to provide cross-border services and the social rights of workers needs to be adapted to today`s situation. The targeted revision of the Posting of Workers Directive (96/71/EC) proposed by the Commission would bring changes in three main areas: the remuneration of posted workers (making it equal to that of local workers, even when subcontracting), more coherent rules on temporary agency workers, as well as long-term posting. Despite the 'yellow card' procedure triggered by 11 Member States because of subsidiarity concerns, the European Commission stands by its initial proposal. Stakeholders and advisory committees have emphasised sector-specific differences to posting, the danger of 'cascade subcontracting' practices, as well as the importance of collective agreements. The EMPL Committee's draft report seeks to strike a balance between a level playing field in the provision of services and sound social protection of workers. Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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24-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

The European Union faces challenges, such as in relation to migration and stagnant economic growth, which test its ability to offer solutions to its citizens. Some politicians and analysts have called for a reform of the EU to shore up popular support for European integration 60 years after the signing of the Treaty of Rome, which led to the creation of what is now the Union. This note offers links to recent commentaries, studies and reports from major international think tanks on the state of the EU and possible reforms. Earlier papers on the State of the Union can be found in a September edition of 'What Think Tanks are Thinking.' Other issues in the series offer links to reports on euro area reform and the impact of Brexit on the EU. They were published in September 2016 and in February 2017 respectively.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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24-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

Following recent terrorist attacks and uncontrolled migration flows to the EU, strengthening the EU's external borders has been one of the measures targeted to ensure internal security and to preserve freedom of movement in the Schengen area. While the existing border management information systems do address some of the information gaps concerning non-EU citizens coming into the EU, there is a lack of information related to visa-exempt third-country nationals arriving at the Schengen external borders. The European Commission is therefore proposing to set up an automated system that would gather information on visa-exempt travellers prior to their arrival, in order to determine any irregular migration, security or public-health risks associated with them. The proposal follows similar models already existing in the USA, Canada and Australia, among others.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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24-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

On 30 November 2016, the European Commission adopted a 'Clean energy for all Europeans' package, consisting of eight legislative proposals and some non legislative actions covering the broad fields of energy efficiency, promotion of renewables, design of electricity markets and governance of energy union. The clean energy package includes a targeted revision of the 2010 Directive on the energy performance of buildings (EPBD). The Commission proposal would leave intact the key objectives and main features of the EPBD, but modernise and streamline some existing requirements, and remove redundant provisions. The Commission also proposes binding obligations on electromobility requirements in residential and non-residential buildings; a 'smartness indicator' that assesses the technological capability of the building; and clearer requirements for how to develop and update national databases on Energy performance certificates. First edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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24-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

This report analyses the proposed reform of the e-communications regulatory framework presented by the European Commission in September 2016. While many of the proposed changes appear meaningful, the report argues that overall the proposal does not entirely reflect the lessons learned from the past two decades of e-communications regulation in Europe, and ends up being at once too conservative (i.e. incremental with respect to legacy rules); fragile, since its effectiveness crucially depends on governance reform; and “retro”, since it does not incorporate principles of flexible, adaptive regulation in its overarching framework. The report argues that the merits of a lighter, ex post approach to e-communications were not sufficiently gauged by the European Commission in its impact assessment. The report was prepared at the request of Policy Department A and the IMCO Committee.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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24-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

This briefing provides a discussion of economic, regulatory, labor and social issues related to the sharing economy (collaborative economy). It provides a definition for the collaborative economy, placing it in the context of a range of past and current definitions, and proposing a new term, “crowd-based capitalism,” as a term that unifies changes across different industries. It outlines how this new form of commercial exchange blurs the lines between personal and commercial, elevating the importance of social factors in creating commercial trust. It reflects on how the economic returns from the sharing economy may be repartitioned across social actors, and the promise of lower economic inequality. It outlines new approaches to regulating the sharing economy, the necessity of carefully designed self-regulatory mechanisms, the promise of data-driven delegation, and a set of principles to draw the right lines between the government and the platforms. It concludes with a summary of the state of the independent workforce and outlines approaches for creating a new social contract as society shifts away from employment and towards freelance work. This document was prepared by Professor Arun Sundararajan at the request of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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24-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

On 25 May 2016, the European Commission presented a proposal for a regulation on addressing unjustified geo-blocking. This paper illustrates the prevalence of geo-blocking in e-commerce and summarizes available relevant evidence. It also discusses the economic impact of lifting geo-blocking restrictions in online goods and copyrighted digital content services. This document was prepared for Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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24-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

This report delivers an in-depth comparative analysis of thirteen language case studies in order to gain insight into the situation of minority languages in education in Europe. Indications for best practices are described and challenges that minority languages face in education are highlighted. Specific attention is directed to vocational education and career perspectives. Lastly, this report gives recommendations how the EU can support minority languages in education.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP

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