giovedì 23 febbraio 2017

Segnalazioni dal Parlamento Europeo

20-02-2017 09:12 AM CET

Cover of study Referendums on EU Matters
This study analyses the political and legal dynamics behind referendums on EU-related matters. It was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs of the European Parliament. It

It argues that we have entered a period of increasing political uncertainty with regard to the European
project and that this new political configuration will both affect and be affected by the politics of EU-related referendums.

Such referendums have long been a risky endeavour and this has been accentuated in the wake of the Great Recession with its negative ramifications for public opinion in the European Union. It is clear that referendums on EU matters are here to stay and will continue to be central to the EU's future as they are deployed to determine the number of Member States within the EU, its geographical reach, its constitutional evolution and adherence to EU policies. Only now they have become an even riskier endeavour.

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20-02-2017 10:10 AM CET

Study: The budgetary tools for financing the EU external policy
The paper provides an overview of the current set-up of tools contributing to the funding of the EU's external policies. The focus is on recently established instruments, such as blending of grants and loans, trust funds and the Facility for refugees in Turkey. The paper provides a first assessment of the current and envisaged set-up of tools with regard to their added-value, coherence, flexibility and simplification, and democratic oversight of EU funding for external action.

This study was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Budgets.

Further information
Link to the study

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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20-02-2017 12:29 PM CET

The European Parliament has adopted a set of three resolutions exploring the future development of the European Union. One of the rapporteurs, Elmar Brok, urges the EU to take full advantage of the Treaty of Lisbon, whose political potential has not yet been fully tapped. The EU should move towards more transparency for instance and a common defence policy. 
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20-02-2017 01:23 PM CET

General : How well do you know Europe? Find out by taking part in our winter challenge! See how many European capitals you can identify correctly.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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20-02-2017 11:58 AM CET

Cover page of a study, white letters on orange background
As international trade negotiators or regulatory bodies consider options to reconcile regulatory standards to reduce barriers to trade, concerns may arise that such efforts at harmonization, mutual recognition or other modes of regulatory cooperation might weaken regulatory protections.

In this context, one viewpoint is that European regulatory standards have become more protective - more stringent and precautionary - than US regulatory standards, so that converging might weaken European standards (although "harmonizing up" to higher standards is also possible). But the real pattern of regulation is more complex. Precautionary policies have been pursued on both sides of the Atlantic, in both directions (sometimes greater European precaution, sometimes greater US precaution), and cost-benefit analysis of regulation has been employed on both sides as well. A key problem in claims of greater precaution is sample selection bias: citing prominent examples that draw media attention but that do not actually represent a general pattern or trend. This report summarizes the literature, and offers a descriptive transatlantic comparison of regulatory standards in four key sectors food, automobiles, chemicals and pharmaceuticals.


Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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20-02-2017 12:14 PM CET

geo-blocking regulation
As part of its eCommerce package, the EC presented on 25.05.16 a proposal for a regulation on addressing geo-blocking and other forms of discrimination based on customers' nationality, place of residence or place of establishment. The purpose of the regulation is to ensure that customers have the same access to goods and services as local customers. The Regulation builds upon the provisions of the Services Directive (Art 20), which already establishes the principle for non-discrimination,

but has proven difficult to enforce in practice due to legal uncertainty concerning what practices would or not be considered justified.
The regulation seeks to provide more legal certainty and enforceability by defining specific situations when there can be no justified reason for discrimination on the grounds of nationality/residence. It also bans the blocking of access to websites and the use of automatic re-routing without the customer's prior consent; and includes provisions of non-discrimination within accepted payment means.
Council adopted its negotiating mandate in November 2016. Parliament, led by IMCO, is currently going through its first reading.
Rapporteur: R. Thun Und Hohenstein (EPP)
Shadows: V. Rozière (S&D), A. Van Bossuyt (ECR), D. Charanzová (ALDE), D. De Jong (GUE/NGL), J. Reda (Greens/ALE)
JURI Rapporteur (rule 54): L. J. Geringer De Oedenberg (S&D)

Further information
Timetable
Procedure file

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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20-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

Blockchain technology is of increasing interest to citizens, businesses and legislators across the European Union. This report is aimed at providing a point of entry for those curious about blockchain technology, so as to stimulate interest and provoke discussion around its potential impact. A general introduction is followed by a closer look at eight areas in which blockchain has been described as having a substantial potential impact. For each of these, an explanation is given of how the technology could be developed in that particular area, the possible impacts this development might have, and what potential policy issues are to be anticipated.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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20-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

The study was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Legal Affairs and commissioned, overseen and published by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs. Social enterprises (SE) are subject to ad hoc legislation in an increasing number of EU jurisdictions and legislative initiatives in this field are under consideration by EU institutions. This paper explains why tailor-made legislation on SE is essential for the development of this unconventional form of business organization. It describes and compares existing models of SE regulation and discusses the core elements of an SE’s legal identity, with the aim of providing recommendations on the potential forms and contents of an EU legal statute on this subject.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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20-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

The Commission proposal for a directive on contracts for online and other distance sales of goods, part of the digital single market strategy, would partly replace the existing Consumer Sales Directive. The Parliament's rapporteur believes this would create a fragmented legal framework, and that there is a need to introduce uniform rules for both online and face-to-face consumer sales. Unlike the existing Consumer Sales Directive, the proposed Online Sale of Goods Directive would provide for maximum harmonisation, thereby prohibiting Member States from introducing a higher level of consumer protection within the scope of the directive. The rapporteur agrees with this approach and suggests moving to maximum harmonisation for both online and offline consumer sales. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view previous versions of this briefing, please see: PE 577.962, 15 February 2016.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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21-02-2017 08:25 PM CET


WORKING DOCUMENT on ECA Special Report 34/2016 (2016 Discharge): Combating Food Waste: an opportunity for the EU to improve the resource-efficiency of the food supply chain
Committee on Budgetary Control
Tomáš Zdechovský

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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22-02-2017 05:10 AM CET


Commission response
See question(s) : E-007106/2016

Source : © European Union, 2016 - EP
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21-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

Although waste management in the EU has improved considerably in recent decades, over a quarter of municipal waste is still landfilled and less than half is recycled or composted, with wide variations between Member States. Improving waste management could deliver positive effects for the environment, climate, human health and the economy. As part of a shift towards a circular economy, the European Commission made four legislative proposals introducing new waste-management targets regarding reuse, recycling and landfilling, strengthening provisions on waste prevention and extended producer responsibility, and streamlining definitions, reporting obligations and calculation methods for targets. This updates an earlier edition, of September 2016; PE 589.797.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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21-02-2017 12:00 AM CET

The cattle sector is of great economic importance within the EU agricultural sector. Productivity of the sector is very heterogeneous. In the near future, a further increase in milk and bovine meat supply can be expected. To avoid a decline in farm gate prices, further product differentiation at the EU level, an increase in export opportunities as well as compensation for environmental services to support extensification will be needed.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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22-02-2017 09:00 AM CET

Plenary sessions : Although fast and effective for plant growth, chemicals pesticides entail potential risks for human health, animals and the environment. About 45% of food we consume contains pesticide residues with 1.6% exceeding legal limits, according to the European Food Safety Authority. MEPs want to promote the use of more natural pesticides and to simplify and speed up the approval process. Check our video for more information.

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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