mercoledì 22 febbraio 2017

Segnalazioni dal Parlamento Europeo

16-02-2017 12:00 AM CET
The Commission took the opportunity provided by the September 2016 mid-term review/revision of the MFF 2014-2020 to propose the creation of a new innovative financial instrument – the European Fund for Sustainable Development (EFSD). The EFSD is part of the partnership framework for cooperation with countries with high irregular emigration and is one of the pillars of the new external investment plan, inspired by the success of the investment plan for Europe. The proposed fund aims to mobilise EU grants to catalyse investment from public and private sources to tackle the root causes of migration in the European neighbourhood and Africa, while helping to achieve the 2030 Agenda Sustainable Development Goals. Some NGOs have voiced concern regarding the migration compacts themselves, and the proposal for the new fund, fearing the use of development policy resources for migration management purposes and in pursuit of European private sector interests. Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. 
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16-02-2017 12:00 AM CET
In a 2015 speech, European Commissioner for Regional Policy, Corina Creţu, re-ignited the debate on the post-2020 cohesion policy reform by suggesting ten main issues for future reflection. One issue is about how the EU's cohesion policy can best contribute to its two objectives: competitiveness and cohesion. Finding the most efficient form of support is an important point of reflection: should it be grants, repayable assistance, financial instruments, or possibly a mix of all of these along with further thematic concentration? In addition, the way that cohesion policy addresses new or growing challenges (such as migration) is widely debated. Other issues to consider are simplification of policy for beneficiaries, the importance of achieving better governance, and the contribution of cohesion policy to the EU’s economic governance. Another topic deals with the best way to support lagging regions. Special attention is also paid to the role of the urban dimension in cohesion policy. How cohesion policy can best support growth, jobs and innovation outside heavily populated areas and in regions with special geographical characteristics is also another issue of discussion in policy circles. Last but not least, the method of allocation of cohesion policy funds is another thought-provoking topic. In a 2016 speech, the Commissioner focused on four main areas: flexibility, performance, economic governance along with structural reforms, and simplification. Since then, the issue of Brexit has further complicated discussions regarding the future of cohesion policy. The departure of the UK from the EU may have a significant impact on the EU budget and consequently on the financial envelope for cohesion policy. This briefing is an update of an earlier edition, published in May 2016. 
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16-02-2017 12:00 AM CET
Transatlantic regulatory patterns overall and in four key sectors: food, automobiles, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals indicate that the EU risk regulation is not always or generally more stringent or precautionary than the US regulation. In fact, the reality is a complex mix of parity and particularity. While there is overall EU-US similarity, there is also variation. In some risk matters, and across and within sectors, there is more precaution in Europe, whereas in others it may be in the US. Even if they are unusual deviations, and even if they go in both directions, transatlantic regulatory differences can still pose barriers to trade that may in some cases warrant harmonization. However, regulatory variation can also be the basis for learning to improve future regulatory design, both by comparing outcomes across regulations in different jurisdictions, and by planning adaptive regulation over time. International regulatory cooperation does not simply mean adopting the current standard of one side or the other. It can also involve collaboration to reviewing existing regulations and designing new approaches that improve outcomes for all. 
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16-02-2017 12:00 AM CET
The paper provides an overview of the current set-up of tools contributing to the funding of the EU external policies. The focus is on the recently established instruments and how they relate to the previously existing ones. The paper provides a first assessment of the current and envisaged set up of tools with regards to the following key aspects: added-value, coherence, flexibility and simplification, and democratic oversight of EU funding for external action. 
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15-02-2017 12:00 AM CET
This is a first attempt to explore the monitoring and assessment of migrant education (MAME) in EU countries. A review of literature indicated the main dimensions of MAME, and these have shaped a questionnaire completed by national experts of 27 EU countries. The country reports reveal that little has been done to monitor and assess migrant education, but that most countries already have an enabling infrastructure.
Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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17-02-2017 11:00 AM CET
Plenary sessions : MEPs approved Ceta during this week's plenary session followed by a visit by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau telling them how the EU-Canada trade deal was not just about commerce, but also about improving people's lives. Newly-elected Austrian President Alexander Van der Bellen also addressed the Parliament, while MEPs adopted new anti-terrorism measures and set out their ideas for the future of the EU.
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17-02-2017 11:36 AM CET
MEP Petir
The draft report by Marijana PETIR (EPP) and Maria Lidia SENRA RODRÍGUEZ (GUE/NGL), drafted jointly by FEMM and AGRI Committees, highlights that women are responsible for about 35% of total working time in agriculture. Women in rural areas are involved in both care work and farm work. The draft report calls to improve conditions for women in rural areas through providing adequate public services and increasing the participation of women as beneficiaries of CAP. 317 amendments have been tabled.
Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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17-02-2017 12:40 PM CET
REPORT on e-democracy in the European Union: potential and challenges
Committee on Constitutional Affairs
Ramón Jáuregui Atondo
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17-02-2017 12:40 PM CET
REPORT on EU options for improving access to medicines
Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
Soledad Cabezón Ruiz
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17-02-2017 04:55 PM CET
DRAFT REPORT on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulations (EU) No 1316/2013 and (EU) No 283/2014 as regards the promotion of Internet connectivity in local communities
Committee on Industry, Research and Energy
Carlos Zorrinho

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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17-02-2017 12:10 PM CET
MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
pursuant to Rule 133 of the Rules of Procedure
on conducting a detailed study of the threats to biodiversity in the EU posed by the EU itself
Aldo Patriciello
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17-02-2017 12:00 AM CET
The United Kingdom is preparing to meet the deadline it has set itself of end-March 2017 for launching the formal procedure to leave the European Union. Following a UK Supreme Court ruling, triggering Article 50 of the EU's Lisbon Treaty now requires that the UK Parliament pass legislation on the matter, a process which is now under way. Prime Minister Theresa May's speech at Lancaster House on Brexit on 17 January and the UK government's subsequent White Paper were seen by analysts as anticipating a complicated set of negotiations between the UK and the EU, with the UK in effect prioritising control of migration over its continued membership of the single market. This note offers links to recent commentaries and reports published by major international think tanks on the UK's plans to leave the EU. More studies on issues raised by the vote can be found in a previous edition of 'What Think Tanks are thinking' in October 2016.
Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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20-02-2017 09:12 AM CET
Cover of study Referendums on EU Matters
This study analyses the political and legal dynamics behind referendums on EU-related matters. It was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs of the European Parliament.
It argues that we have entered a period of increasing political uncertainty with regard to the European
project and that this new political configuration will both affect and be affected by the politics of EU-related referendums.Such referendums have long been a risky endeavour and this has been accentuated in the wake of the Great Recession with its negative ramifications for public opinion in the European Union. It is clear that referendums on EU matters are here to stay and will continue to be central to the EU's future as they are deployed to determine the number of Member States within the EU, its geographical reach, its constitutional evolution and adherence to EU policies. Only now they have become an even riskier endeavour.
Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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20-02-2017 10:10 AM CET
Study: The budgetary tools for financing the EU external policy
The paper provides an overview of the current set-up of tools contributing to the funding of the EU's external policies. The focus is on recently established instruments, such as blending of grants and loans, trust funds and the Facility for refugees in Turkey. The paper provides a first assessment of the current and envisaged set-up of tools with regard to their added-value, coherence, flexibility and simplification, and democratic oversight of EU funding for external action.
This study was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Budgets.

Further information
Link to the study

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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20-02-2017 03:31 PM CET
General : Ceta passed a crucial hurdle on 15 February when MEPs voted to back the landmark EU-Canada trade deal. The agreement removing more than 99% of tariffs can provisionally enter into force as early as April. Speaking following the vote, Artis Pabriks, Parliament's lead MEP on Ceta, said: “Europe cannot survive without free and fair trade and high-quality interaction with other global players.” He also described Ceta as “the gold standard for future trade deals”.
Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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06-02-2017 12:00 AM CET
Parliament's Press Service is holding a seminar on civil law rules on robotics. The discussions are set to focus on issues related to the fast development and ever-increasing introduction of robotics and artificial intelligence in different spheres of economic and public life - which raise legal and ethical issues that require intervention at EU level. This thematic digest provides selected policy department publications prepared to support the committees in their work related to these issues.
Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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20-02-2017 11:58 AM CET


Cover page of a study, white letters on orange background
As international trade negotiators or regulatory bodies consider options to reconcile regulatory standards to reduce barriers to trade, concerns may arise that such efforts at harmonization, mutual recognition or other modes of regulatory cooperation might weaken regulatory protections.

In this context, one viewpoint is that European regulatory standards have become more protective - more stringent and precautionary - than US regulatory standards, so that converging might weaken European standards (although "harmonizing up" to higher standards is also possible). But the real pattern of regulation is more complex. Precautionary policies have been pursued on both sides of the Atlantic, in both directions (sometimes greater European precaution, sometimes greater US precaution), and cost-benefit analysis of regulation has been employed on both sides as well. A key problem in claims of greater precaution is sample selection bias: citing prominent examples that draw media attention but that do not actually represent a general pattern or trend. This report summarizes the literature, and offers a descriptive transatlantic comparison of regulatory standards in four key sectors food, automobiles, chemicals and pharmaceuticals.
Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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25-01-2017 12:00 AM CET

This year's European Parliamentary Week focuses on the 2017 Semester Cycle policy priorities, taking stock of strengths and weaknesses of the current economic governance framework. This thematic digest contains selected publications provided by the policy departments and the Economic Governance Support Unit to support committees in their work on e.g. the Panama Papers, the Banking Union, workers’ mobility, the European Pillar of Social Rights, EU financing, and the Financial Regulation reform.
Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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20-02-2017 02:55 PM CET

European Electronic Communications Code
In Sept. 2016, the EC put forward an ambitious overhaul of the EU telecoms rules with new initiatives to meet Europe’s growing connectivity needs and to encourage investment in high-capacity networks. The new European Electronic Communications Code puts forward simplified rules to increase competition and predictability for investments. It also aims to make better use of radio-frequencies by reducing divergences between regulatory practices and agreeing on a set of coordinated basic parameters.

The Code puts forward a revision of the sector-specific consumer protection rules and the universal services regime. It suggests new definitions of electronic communication services aiming to ensure a level playing field between traditional and new online market players. ITRE is the lead committee dealing with the regulatory framework for Telecoms. IMCO has played a key role in shaping the regulatory framework for the electronic communication sector in Europe, with exclusive competence for all aspects related to consumer protection and universal services. In this recast, IMCO will continue to take the lead in deliberating which sector-specific rules should be in place to protect consumers and to ensure the universal availability of basic electronic communication services.
IMCO Rapporteur: D. CHARANZOVA (ALDE)
Shadows: L. van NISTELROOIJ (EPP), M. MIZZI (S&D), V. FORD (ECR), J. MAŠTÁLKA (GUE/NGL), J. REDA (GRENS/EFA), R. IWASZKIEWICZ (EFDD)
ITRE Rapporteur: P. DEL CASTILLO (EPP)

Further information
Timetable
Procedure file

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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20-02-2017 12:14 PM CET
geo-blocking regulation
As part of its eCommerce package, the EC presented on 25.05.16 a proposal for a regulation on addressing geo-blocking and other forms of discrimination based on customers' nationality, place of residence or place of establishment. The purpose of the regulation is to ensure that customers have the same access to goods and services as local customers. The Regulation builds upon the provisions of the Services Directive (Art 20), which already establishes the principle for non-discrimination,

but has proven difficult to enforce in practice due to legal uncertainty concerning what practices would or not be considered justified.
The regulation seeks to provide more legal certainty and enforceability by defining specific situations when there can be no justified reason for discrimination on the grounds of nationality/residence. It also bans the blocking of access to websites and the use of automatic re-routing without the customer's prior consent; and includes provisions of non-discrimination within accepted payment means.
Council adopted its negotiating mandate in November 2016. Parliament, led by IMCO, is currently going through its first reading.
Rapporteur: R. Thun Und Hohenstein (EPP)
Shadows: V. Rozière (S&D), A. Van Bossuyt (ECR), D. Charanzová (ALDE), D. De Jong (GUE/NGL), J. Reda (Greens/ALE)
JURI Rapporteur (rule 54): L. J. Geringer De Oedenberg (S&D)
Further information
Timetable
Procedure file
Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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16-02-2017 12:00 AM CET
The aim of EU asylum policy is to harmonise asylum procedures in the Member States by establishing common arrangements. The Fact Sheet on asylum policy gives an overview of its legal basis and objectives, and of the achievements made. This compilation further includes Fact Sheets on: the EU immigration policy - which intends to establish a balanced approach to dealing with both regular and irregular immigration; and on border management policy.
Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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20-02-2017 01:40 PM CET
RECOMMENDATION FOR SECOND READING on the Council position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on official controls and other official activities performed to ensure the application of food and feed law, rules on animal health and welfare, plant health and plant protection products, amending Regulations (EC) No 999/2001, (EC) No 396/2005, (EC) No 1069/2009, (EC) No 1107/2009, (EU) No 1151/2012, (EU) No 652/2014, (EU) 2016/429 and (EU) 2016/2031 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Regulations (EC) No 1/2005 and (EC) No 1099/2009 and Council Directives 98/58/EC, 1999/74/EC, 2007/43/EC, 2008/119/EC and 2008/120/EC, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 854/2004 and (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Directives 89/608/EEC, 89/662/EEC, 90/425/EEC, 91/496/EEC, 96/23/EC, 96/93/EC and 97/78/EC and Council Decision 92/438/EEC (Official Controls Regulation)
Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
Karin Kadenbach
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20-02-2017 03:45 PM CET


Poster - Health Promotion & Primary Prevention Exchange of Good Practices
This report summarises the presentations and discussions of a workshop on health promotion and primary prevention, held at the European Parliament in Brussels on Tuesday 29 November 2016. The aim of the workshop was to provide background and technical information and advice to the members of the ENVI Committee on the latest findings and trends in the field of preventive health, specifically concerning health promotion and the primary prevention of diseases and disabilities.

The state of primary prevention and health promotion in Europe was highlighted during the first part of the workshop. Presentations focused on joining forces in the context of chronic diseases, the importance of primary care professionals' clusters, health promotion from citizens' perspective, and the role schools play in prevention. The second part of the workshop focused on examples of good practices. Various ongoing initiatives, coordinated by the European institutions, in the EU were presented. The activities of insurance industries were also highlighted, as well as the views of employers and trade unions on promoting healthy behaviours and creating healthy working environments.
This workshop and the respective document were prepared by the Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.


Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP
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16-02-2017 12:00 AM CET
This compilation of Fact Sheets deals with issues related to the topic of women’s economic empowerment. It specifically incudes Fact Sheets on equality between men and women - including the principle of equal pay for equal work - the general principles of social and employment policy, social dialogue, and the fight against poverty, social exclusion and discrimination - by offering legal protection for potential victims and by establishing incentive measures.
Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP

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